Phonetics: The Sounds of Language: Consonant articulation, Made by:…
Phonetics: The Sounds of Language: Consonant articulation
Places of articulation:
Each point at which the airstream can be modified to produce a different sound is called a
place of articulation. Places of articulation are found at the lips, within the oral cavity, in
the pharynx and at the glottis.
Dental and interdental:Some phones are produced with the tongue placed against or near the teeth. Sounds made in this way are called dentals.If the tongue is placed between the teeth, the sound is said to be interdental.
Uvular: The small fleshy flap of tissue known as the uvula hangs down from the velum.Sounds
made with the tongue near or touching this area are called uvulars.
Labial any sound made with closure or near-closure of the lips is said to be labial. Sounds involvingboth lips are termed bilabialsounds involving the lower lip and upper teeth are called labiodentals.
Alveolar: Within the oral cavity, a small ridge protrudes from just behind the upper front teeth. This
is called the alveolar ridge.
Alveopalatal and palatal: Just behind the alveolar ridge, the roof of the mouth rises sharply. This area is known as the
alveopalatal area (palatoalveolar in some books. The highest part of the roof of the mouth is called the palate, and sounds produced with
the tongue on or near this area are called palatals
Velar The soft area towards the rear of the roof of the mouth is called the velum (or soft palate).Sounds made with the tongue touching or near this position are called velars.
Pharyngeal: The area of the throat between the uvula and the larynx is known as the pharynx. Sounds made through the modification of airflow in this region by retracting the tongue or con strictingm the pharynx are called pharyngeals
Airflow is modified in the vocal tract by the placement of the tongue and the positioning
of the lips. These modifications occur at specific places or points of articulation.
The TIP is the narrow area at the
front. Just behind the tip lies the BLADE. The main mass of the tongue is called the BODY,
and the hindmost part of the tongue that lies in the mouth is called the BACK. The and back of the tongue can also be referred to jointly as the dorsum. The ROOT of the tongue is contained in the upper part of the throat.
Primary articulation organ, it is an active articulator.
Examples of words:
English has one palatal consonat: /j/ as in “yes” and “bayou”
Velar Consonants: ŋ/ as in “going” and “uncle” (note that the ‘n sound’ in these words is NOT made at the alveolar ridge, which is why it is distinct from /n/)./k/ as in “kite” and “back“
/g/ as in “good” and “bug“/w/ as in “wet” and “howard”
English contains the following three bilabial consonants:/p/ as in “purse” and “rap“/b/ as in “back” and “cab“/m/ as in “mad” and “clam“
The English alveolar consonants are as follows:n/ as in “no” and “man“. t/ as in “tab” and “rat“d/ as in “dip” and “bad“. /s/ as in “suit” and “bus. z/ as in “zit” and “jazz“. /l/ as in “luck” and “fully”
Dental: /θ/ as is “thick” and “bath“
/ð/ as in “the” and “rather”
Made by: Guadalupe Rosa Paz 416199500171