Identifying a Research Topic - Coggle Diagram
Identifying a Research Topic
The first step in selecting a research topic is to identify a general subject that is related to your area of expertise
Sources of Research Topic
The five main sources of research topics are theories, personal experiences, previous studies that can be replicated, electronic mailing list, and library searches.
A researcher's personal experiences and concerns often lead to useful and personally rewarding studies.
Existing studies are a common source of research topic. Replication of a study usually involves changing some feature from the original study.
Library searches are generally not efficient waysto identify research topics. Handbooks, encyclopedias, and yearboo
Electronic mailing list services are designed by organizations to facilitate communication among their members.
Narrow the Topic
It often needs to be narrowed and focused into a manageable topic to study.
Quantitative research topics are usually narrowed quickly at the start of a study.
Characteristics of Good Topics
Two basic characteristics of a good research topic are that it is of interest to the researcher
A good topic has theoretical or practical significance.
A good topic is one that is ethical and does not harm participants in any way.
Stating the research toopic
The topic statement is the first item in the introduction to a research plan and the introduction to the final research report.
A well-written topic statement for a quantitative study generally indicates the variables of inteerest, the specific relations among those variables.
Formulation and stating a Hypothesis
Definition and purpose
In a quantitative study is formulated based on theory.
It is based on a sound rationale
Types of Hypotheses
An inductive hypotheses is a generalization made from a number of observations.
A research hypothesis states the expected relation or difference between variables.
Stating the Hypothesis
A general paradigm, for stating hypothesis for experimental studies is P who get X do better on Y than P who do not get X.
Testing the Hypothesis
The research selects the sample, measuring instruments, design, and procedures that will enable him or her to collect the data necessary to test the hypothesis.