Topic 27: Ecuador and the World Conflicts, image, image, image, image,…
Topic 27: Ecuador and the World Conflicts
Throughout the 20Th
Ecuador was increasingly inserted deep into the world market
The Cold War the country took sides for the United States
Broke relations with the Soviet Union and the communist countries
Ecuador and the World
Maintained adherence to United States policies
Ceded to the United States a military base in Manta and proposals to sign a free trade agreement (FTA)
The process of the European Union has been viewed with sympathy and interest
A growing expectation by the enormous growth of the Asia-Pacific region
Ecuador and Latin America
The Cuban Revolution and the leftist groups had Cuba and Fidel Castro as political referents
In Ecuador, the influences of the Latin American processes were felt since the 1960s
Peoples' struggles against dictatorships have been very popular in Ecuador. National public opinion was in favor of the Sandinistas in Nicaragua and the Farabundo Martí Front in El Salvador
Differences of right-wing and left-wing
The Colombia conflicts
Since 40s: Social and political conditions generated a permanent situation of violence
40: Insurrectional groups have remained on arms and violently confronted the Colombian State
That situation had had a rather reduced influence in our country, which looked like an "island of peace"
When the conflict has intensified, and especially when the so-called Plan Colombia, backed by the United States, has begun; Ecuador has had to face increasingly complex situations
The violence and insecurity of Colombian society have caused a current of displaced people, who cross the border and arrive in northern Ecuador
Ecuador and the Two World Wars
WWI (1914-1918): Ecuador suffered restriction on cocoa imports.
Ecuador entered a crisis that lasted until the forties.
WWII (1939-1945): The European market for imported products was severely restricted
Pearl Harbor (7-12-1941): The pressure of President Roosevelt's "good neighborhood" policy led Latin American countries to support allies
Pan American Conference of Rio de Janeiro (1942):
It promoted that most countries, including Ecuador, declare war on the powers of the axis.
Ecuador was pressured to sign the Boundary Protocol with Peru, in which it yielded a good part of the territories it had claimed for more than a century.
Ecuador allowed the establishment of US naval and air bases in the Galapagos and on the Santa Elena peninsula