social beliefs and judgement - Coggle Diagram
social beliefs and judgement
system 1 (intuitive, automatic, unconcious thinking)
given a very thin slice of someone, even just a fraction of a second glance, people can beat chance at guessing someone’s personality
A tendency to search for information that confirms one’s preconceptions.
e.g. buying a new car
Our thinking is partly automatic and partly controlled.
system 2 (the deliberate, controlled, conscious.)
activating particular associations in memory.
Priming research suggests that the unconscious indeed controls much of our behaviour
the tendency to be more confident than correct.
Incompetence feeds overconfidence
Presume that someone or something belongs to a particular group if it resembles a typical member.
Intuitively compare it to our mental representation
Representativeness usually reflects reality.
A thinking strategy that enables quick, efficient judgments.
Heuristics enable us to make routine decisions with minimal effort.
Judging the likelihood of things in terms of their availability in memory .
Deducing particular instances from a general truth vs. inferring general truth from a vivid instance
Statistical intuitions are driven by emotions attuned to the availability heuristic.
imagining alternative scenarios and outcomes that might have happened, but didn’t.
Perception of a relationship where none exists.
Example: raining and falling sick.
moods & judgements
Social judgement is influenced by our moods and emotions.
Our moods colour how we judge our worlds.
Perceiving & Interpreting Events
Our preconceptions guide how we perceive and interpret information.
Difficulty in demolishing a falsehood after the person conjures up a rationale for it.
Our beliefs and expectations affect how we mentally construct events.
Persistence of one’s initial conceptions
The more we examine our theories, the more closed we become.
E.g., to study medicine in NUS, you must go to a top JC and do well in your study.
FAE(fundamental attribution error)
tendency to overestimate dispositional influence over situational influences
Self fulfilling prophecy
A belief that leads to its own fulfillment.
Our ideas lead us to act in ways that produce their apparent confirmation.
Teacher expectations can become self-fulfilling prophecies.