Countries that are located near trade routes usually have good development. Countries that are landlocked find trade more expensive which slows down their development. Countries in the post and even now have always fought for trade routes. Europe and North America make good strides in economic spheres from huge tracts of very fertile land, temperate climate and good rainfall. In extreme climate, either hot or cold, much energy is spent in human survival and mobility. Working hours in these climatic regions are reduced awfully due to hot and wet climate. Most of the poorest and underdeveloped countries in the world are severely hindered for they are landlocked, situated in high mountain ranges, or lack navigable rivers, long coastlines or good natural harbours. Afghanistan, Rwanda, Malawi, Bolivia, Ethiopia and a host of other African, Asian and Latin American countries suffer from underdevelopment over the bygone centuries much due to hostile geography. Afghanistan's location allows for a lot of illicit economy. illicit economy accounts for a significant share of production, exports, and employment, and includes opium production, smuggling, and illegal mining.