Past simple - Coggle Diagram
We often use the past simple to
already finished times
I saw Jack yesterday morning.
short actions, longer situations
I spent all my childhood in Scotland.
past repeated events
Regularly every summer, Jessica fell in love
past stories and descriptions
One day the Princess decided that she d id n 't like staying at home all day…
basically we use this if
there is nothing special situation that requires other tense
in the if clause
If I had the money now I'd buy a car
I wish sentences
Would you follow me wherever I went?
I wish (that) I had a better memory.
distancing for politeness
I wondered… I though…
express past even if the situation still exists
I ’m sorry we left Liverpool. It was such a nice place.
Are you deaf? I asked how old you were.
Finished definite time expression
yesterday, last week, then, when, X years ago, in Y
I last saw Lucy in 2017.
Present Perf. vs. Past Simple
Time not mentioned
the time in context is finished
Did you see ‘Romeo and Juliet’? (It was on TV last night.)
the time in context is a period up to now
Have you seen ‘Romeo and Juliet’? (Ever, in you life)
further information is given
Joe has passed his exam! He got 87%.
announcing a piece of information
Have you heard? Andy has won a big prize!
Emphasis on even or result?
: the main
focus is on the past circumstance
Who spilt all that coffee on the carpet? (Need to know the name.)
: the main
focus is on the present result
Somebody has spilt coffee on the carpet. (Need a mop to clean it up.)
Non-finite definite time expressions (today, this week, etc.)
emphasis on a finished part of the period
I saw Jack this week.
emphasis on the whole period
I haven’t seen Jack this week.