'According to Bem, children observe their environment, learning the various associations with masculinity and femininity, including the physical differences between men and women, they societal roles, the characteristics of each gender, and also how society treats each gender. Children then adjust their behaviour to align with the gender norms of their culture, with parenting, schools and the media serving as factors of influence. Like cognitive-developement theory, gender schema theory proposes that children's cognitive processing is crucial for gender-typing: children learn to recognise and organise incoming information in gender-based categories. A gender schema comprises networds of ideas and information that filter perceptoins before the child is even aware of this process (1981, 1983)
gender-schematic processing involves spontaneously sorting objects, attributes and behaviours into masculnie and feminine categories, regardless of their differences in dimensions unrelated to gender. Individuals constructt their self-concept within the framework of these gender-based categories.