Weisenfeld: New World A-Coming - Coggle Diagram
Weisenfeld: New World A-Coming
Focuses on religio-racial movements from 1920s-1940s
Nation of Islam (NOI)
Moorish Science Temple (MST)
Black Americans = descendants of the Moors
Say Black Americans = "Moorish-Americans"
Father Divine's PM
Ethiopian Hebrew Congregations
Collection of independent congregations
Talked about themselves as the "true Israelites"
Separated difference between Hebrews & Jews
Saw Jews of European descent as Jews
Recognized themselves as Hebrew, a separate racial community
Looked to Ethiopia as source of their Hebrew identity
Religio-racial identities: some groups identify in ways that connect their race with their religious identities
Stepped away from "typical" black, American, Christian tradition and into ones that rooted in Black history, African decent, etc...
One unique product of Great Migration
1920s-1940s departed from linking Negro & Christian identity-- prevalent through changes in naming/descriptions
Identity associated with names
19th century Black Americans called "African & Ethiopian"
Early 20th Century Black Americans called "Negro, Colored, & Afro-American"
Moorish Science Temple want to be referred to as "Moorish-Americans"
Father Devine's PT want to eliminate use of racial language
Religio-racial Community Building 1920s-1940s
Every group had economic enterprises based on their individual theologies
Nation of Islam: restaurant/store to help preserve self-sufficiency of community
Preparation for Allah, preparation for apocalypse
Moorish Science Temple: business promoting food/healing, lived in close proximity to each other & temple
Father Divine's PM: invested in self-sufficiency
During Great Depression prohibited followers from accepting federal aid
Had small farm communities
Ethiopian Hebrew Congregations: attempted to make a community in Ethiopia & one in Long Island