ANTHROPOMETRY & HANDTOOLS, IP-2 - Coggle Diagram
ANTHROPOMETRY & HANDTOOLS
Anthropometry and Handtools
"Anthro" means human and "metry" means size. By definition, anthropometry can be expressed as a study related to the measurement of human body dimension (Pheasant, 1988)
Anthropometry aims to design based product on the dimensions of the human body
For the correlation, both of these aspects need to
be considered in designing an ergonomic product, because comfort, safety, and suitability of work tool size will affect the interaction between workers and the tools used which can impact on work safety (Sulistiadi, 2003).
Extensions of hand functions that are quite important in daily life which in their use can cause injury/danger (Johnson, 1993)
Hand-tools aim to design products based on ergonomic guidelines for hand-tools design by considering the
strength and endurance factors of the hand grip.
Ergonomic Guideline for Handtools
Avoid rigid design
Can be operated most effectively, with neutral body part postures and low force
Avoid tool handles with sharp corners
The tool handle surface should compressible, non-conductive, and smooth
Tool handles should fit the hand
design tools can be used by either hand
can be used effectively by both man and woman
design special-purpose tools for specific task
Consider the angles of the grip, forearm and tool to minimize deviation
consider provisions for tool safety
provide vibration dampening for vibrating hand tools
The measurement conducted to human body in stationary position
The body measurements conducted when body still in moving state, so that making it more complex and more difficult to measure.
Basic Philosophy Anthropometry
Design for extreme
Design for adjustable.
Design for average.
Limitation of Anthropometry Dimensions
Using the dimensions of Clearance in the design, it is expected that the largest person in the population can use the design (Purnomo, 1988)
Determination of design dimensions, where the smallest people in the population can use the design (Purnomo, 1988)
Application Data Anthropometry
Design of work area (workstation, car interiors, etc.)
Design of work equipment (tools, machines, etc.).
Design of consumer products (clothing, chairs, tables, etc.).
Sekar Arum Sari (19522362)
Nurul Hadi F F (19522275)
Sri Cempaka (19522368)
Muhammad Faadihilah (19522283)