Mumbai and India - Coggle Diagram
Mumbai and India
This slum contains 1.2million people and sits between two railways.
The slum is unplanned and so has these characteristics:
Houses are made of poor materials such as plastic and wood
Poor sanitation such as lack of drinking water and open sewers
Pollution and disease are common
Thousands of workshops and people working in the informal sector
Urban planning in Dharavi slum
Transport and infrastructure
The government are moving people away from train lines and to new safer areas of Mumbai
Crime and safety
The Mumbai Slum Electrification project is trying to reduce the use of gas cooking in the slum as it can cause health issues and safety issues such as blowing up.
The government are moving people into areas with more formal sector employment and this can help people rise out of poverty.
Water and sanitation
There is a plan to build more toilets, the Slum Sanitation project has built 300 community toilets and 5100 individual toilets.
Quality of housing
The Incremental Housing Strategy gives grant to people in squatter settlements to improve the safety and quality of their homes as well as giving them the right to the land they are on.
Health and education
Slum sanitation project is building 300 community toilet blocks and 5100 individual toilets.
Rural to urban migration.
Mumbai has seen an increase in the population.
Pull factors for Mumbai
Better education and better health care
More and better paying jobs
Better living conditions
However cities such as Mumbai face many problems and people who move there may not experience the benefits.
These problems may include
Poor housing conditions
High levels of crimes
Polluted drinking water and lack of sanitations