article 10: the israeli-palestinian situation explained - Coggle Diagram
article 10: the israeli-palestinian situation explained
a 100 year old issue
britain took over palestine after the ottoman empire (ruler of that area) was defeated in WW1, which was inhabited by a jewish minority and arab majority.
tensions grew when international community gave britain the task of establishing a "national home" in palestine for the jewish people
between 1920s and 1940s, many jews fled persecution in europe and sought a homeland after the holocaust of WW2. voilence between jews and arabs also grew. in 1947, UN voted for palestine to be split into jewish and arab states, with jerusalem becoming an international city
however, it was rejected by arab side and therefore never implemented
*the creation of israel and the 'catastrophe'
in 1948, the british rulers were unable to solve the problem and therefore left. jewish leaders therefore declared the creation of the state of israel. many palestinians objected and a war followed.
hundreds of thousands of palestinians were forced to flee from their homes in what they called 'Al Nakba' (catastrophe) due to troops from neighbouring arab countries invading
by the time the fighting ended in the following year, israel controlled most of the territory. because there was never a peace agreement, there were more wars and fighting in the decades which followed.
the map today
in another war in 1967, israel occupied east jerusalem and the west bank as well as most of the syrian golan heights and gaza and the egyptian sinai peninsula.
most palestinian refugees and their descendants live in gaza and the west bank, as well as in neighbouring jordan, syria and lebanon
israel occupies the west bank, and although it pulled out of gaza the UN still regards that piece of land as part of occupied territory
israel claims the whole of jerusalem as its capital, whereas palestinians claim east jerusalem as capital of a future palestinian state. only us recognises israel's claims
what's happening now?
tensions are often high between israel and palestinians living in east jerusalem, gaza and west bank.
israel and egypt tightly control gaza's borders to stop weapons getting to hamas (palestinian military group)
for the past year, there have been violent scenes on the gaza-israel border. palestinians have protested there weekly, wanting refugees to return to their former homes in what is now israel.
israel says the protests act as a cover to attack them
what is the main problem
what should happen to palestinian refugees
whether jewish settlements in the occupied west bank should stay or be removed
whether they should share jerusalem
whether a palestinian state should be created alongside israel
what does the future hold?
situation isnt going to be sorted out any time soon
a new peace plan is being prepared by the US
israel will wait and see what the plan involves. if the plan works, it will end one of the world's longest running conflicts. if it fails, the fighting goes on