Humanistic Theories - Coggle Diagram
Rogers suggests that if our self-concept is negative, that is, if we fall far short of our ideal self, we feel dissatisfied and unhappy. It follows that parents, teachers, and friends should help others know, accept, and be true to themselves
Goal of every organism is to fulfill the capabilities of our genetic blueprint
Human beings form images of themselves – called self concepts
Drive to fulfill self-concepts – self actualizing tendency
Evaluating the Humanistic Perspective
Humanistic psychology has a pervasive impact on education, management, counseling.
Concepts in humanistic psychology are vague, subjective and lack scientific basis
Some view humanistic psychology as too optimistic and the human evil is ignored
humanistic view lead to self-indulgence, self-centredness and narcissism.
Perceived self I- n a Stream of consciousness manner . . . . Describe yourself
Ideal self - In a Stream of consciousness manner . . . how would you like to be?
fully functioning self-actualized person finds the perceived self congruent with the ideal self
How to become fully functioning?
Unconditional positive reward
Full acceptance and love of another regardless of our behavior
Conditional positive reward
Acceptance and love contingent on certain behaviors and fulfilling certain conditions
proposed that we as individuals are motivated by a hierarchy of needs. Beginning with physiological needs, we try to reach the state of self-actualization—fulfilling our potential
Hierarchy of needs - see concept map
Maslow estimated that only 1% of the population reaches the self actualization
Humanistic Personalities theories
Humanistic view asserts the fundamental goodness of people and their constant striving toward higher levels of functioning
Does not dwell on past occurrences, but rather focuses on the present and future