Genetics - Coggle Diagram
Chromosome - a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells.
Gene - a unit of heredity which is transferred from a parent to offspring
Allele - one of two or more alternative forms of a gene
Heterozygous - having inherited different forms of a particular gene
Homozygous - a genetic condition where an individual inherits the same alleles for a particular gene from both parents.
Punnett Squares - a square diagram that is composed of a grid of usually four boxes and is used to calculate and depict all the combinations and frequencies of the different genotypes
Phenotype - the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment.
Genotype - the genetic constitution of an individual organism.
Recesive trait -
the weak, unexpressed trait
Dominant trait - an inherited characteristic that appears in an offspring
Mutations - the action or process of mutating.
- Processes by which particular characteristics are transmitted from parents to their offspring.
Sexual Reproduction - A type of reproduction that involves a complex life cycle in which a gamete.
Meiosis - a process where a single cell divides twice to produce four cells containing half the original amount of genetic information.
Haploid - a cell that contains a single set of chromosomes.
Sex cells (Gametes) - a mature haploid male or female germ cell
Genetic Diversity - The total number of genetic characteristics in the genetic makeup of a species.
Variation - The difference in genes between different populations.
Synthetic Biology - A field of science that involves redesigning organisms for useful purposes by engineering them to have new abilities.