:red_flag: EU and Sovereignty :red_flag: - Coggle Diagram
:red_flag: EU and Sovereignty :red_flag:
Membership of the EU started at the common market which was voted for
UK cannot make independent trade deals with foriegn countries
Restricts economic sovereignty of parliament as the EU proposes agreements that Britain can do very little to contest
Britain has very little say in migration which the EU controls, this was actually a large factor affecting Brexit
This is reflected in Britain's involvement of the ‘free movement’ principle, the influx of migrants has put a strong strain on the British economy
The Brexit vote has meant the idea of possible trade with the US which can provide an important economic opportunity.
Being in the EU may have brought economic benefits however Britain has very little say in the economic deals made with other countries, this is a definite example of how economic sovereignty is undermined.
The decision to leave EU suggests that parliamentary sovereignty may be regained
Gave EU control over things like immagration and environmental legislation
Court of European Justice is also a fundamental example of:
ECjs jurisdiction undermines legal sovereignty as it is more important than the supreme court 2009
However The Maastricht Treaty, concluded in 1992 between the 12 member states of the European Communities, is the foundation treaty of the European Union.
Not threatened at first purely economic forum
The paramount control of the ECJ is reflected in Factortame case ltd that meant they had the power to restrain application of act from parliament
The UK was also forced to accept the Human Rights act 1998 from European convention of human rights
1972 European Committee Act
we have retained influence - UK because of Brexit - independent country.
Demonstrates parliament is sovereign as they are able to decide whether or not the wish to exit the EU.
Uk elections have a historically low turnout only rising by 1% in 2019 to 38%
Parliament still retains the rights to remove the UK from the EU via Article 50, this was demonstrated in 2017 during ‘Brexit’
Sovereign of the EU is questionable because this is more
Whilst the UK may have lost legal sovereignty there is some suggestion that political sovereignty will always remain
Reflected in how Britain was able to vote on introduction of Article 50
EU referendum achieved the highest voter turnout of an EU election majority of voters volunteered to leave EU (52%)
UK has no veto on legislation (especially reflected in migration)
Poor electoral interaction undermines EU sovereignty