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Migration in the past and present
Migration in the past
A characteristic of the human being is to mobilize.
From 8000 years before Christ, until the Christian era, the population increased from 5 to 250 million inhabitants.
Factors such as wars, conquests, colonization, have provoked strong mobilizations of the population.
Migration and modernity
Beginning in the 16th century, Europeans violently conquered America, Africa, and Oceania.
In the 19th and 20th centuries, migrations were massive due to industrialization.
Europe and the United States were the main destinations.
Elimination of barriers and circulation of capital.
Migration of companies and workers.
214 million people live in other countries.
60 million live as refugees.
26 million are forcibly displaced.
740 million have changed residence within the same country.
Migration in Latin American
Forced migrations caused by the Mayan, Aztec and Inca cultures.
The European conquest and migratory movements from Africa, the Middle East and other countries of the world.
Types of migration
Length of stay
Definitive migration :
Places of destination
Forced displacement, people in a situation of refuge
legal point of view