Fever Model of The Haitian Revolution - Coggle Diagram
Fever Model of The Haitian Revolution
Political turmoil in France
France had its own revolution and as a result, couldn't intervene with Saint Domingue allowing the population to make great changes without much intervention
Crop failure and rising food prices
Racial discrimination and slavery
500,000 of the colony's 570,000 people were slaves and wanted to abolish slavery and the gens de couleur, free mixed race population, wanted not to abolish slavery but instead to limit racial discrimination.
American revolution and enlightenment.
Like many colonies at the time, Saint domingue was inspired by the ideas of the time and the success of the American revolution.
In 1789 new of the estates general reaches Saint Domingue and wealthy planters and the gens de couleur both send representatives. The wealthy planters sought more control over the colony's politics and more commercial options to increase profits while the gens de couleur wanted political rights and to limit racial discrimination
In 1804 Haiti declared independence from France
in 1794 France abolished slavery
In 1802 Napoleon sent a large military force to re-establish both French colonial authority and slavery in Saint Domingue. At first Napoleon was successful and captured Toussaint and sent him to France, where he died in prison.
However, the French invasion force suffered thousands of losses as a result of a yellow fever epidemic and faced determined resistance of revolutionary armies led by battle-hardened Haitian generals.
François Dominique Toussaint L’Ouverture organized rebelling slaves into a disciplined military and led the defense against british attacks in 1798. He then led an invasion of the neighboring Spanish colony of Santo Domingo, freeing slaves there.
In 1790 Vincent Ogé is killed leading to open warfare between the white and the gens de couleur
in 1791 slaves start to rebel in northern plantations. The rebelling slaves destroyed plantations, killed masters and overseers, and burned crops.