Classifying Altered Elimination - Coggle Diagram
Classifying Altered Elimination
Alteration in urinary patency
Blockage of structures involved in the passage of urine. Obstructions are characterized by a buildup of pressure behind the blockage
diseases: Polycystic Kidney Disease
Treatment for disease is modifications in diet (low sodium) and Hemodialysis ( special filters that remove waste), medications to treat secondary diseases such as medication for hypertension
Consequences of obstruction are influenced by the degree of the obstruction, duration of the obstruction and if the obstruction is acuity or chronicity of the condition
Alteration of Urinary Neuromuscular function
Causes: -Failure or exaggerated neural signal transduction (RNS or CNS)
-Failure of appropriate muscle response
diseases: Urinary Incontinence
Treatment for disease: bladder training, medication and surgery
Alteration in urinary perfusion
Inadequate blood supply. in kidney (embolism/ blockage) and poor vascular volume which causes a decrease perfusion
disease: Heart Failure
treatment for disease: Surgery or medications. (Coronary bypass and Vasodilators and life style modifications
decrease oxygen delivery by the arterial blood supply may result in damage to renal structures because of inability to meet metabolic demands.
Alteration in Urinary Motility
Causes: Altered reabsorption and secretion
-Risk of obstruction=Increase risk of infection
treatment for disease: More Fluids and calcium blockers, surgery to remove stones and prevention strategies.
What it is: stasis of urine in renal tubules & in bladder
Alteration in Bowel Patency
Causes: Lesion (tumor, polyps and impacted feces)
diseases: colon cancer
Treatment fo disease: colectomy (partial removal of cancerous colon) and chemotherapy.
Alteration in bowel neuromuscular
Causes: Alteration in neural signal transduction and muscle responsiveness. (impaired loss of propulsive activity) Result from electrolyte in balance is or abdominal surgery.
disease: Multiple Sclerosis
Treatment fo disease: Immunosuppressive drugs and physical therapy.
Alteration in Bowel Motility
Causes: Composition of bacteria in the intestines and certain foods
disease: Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Treatment fo disease:High fiber diet, and medication such as Antidiarrhoeal, will help Reduce frequency and urgency of bowel movements.
What it is: Altered water and vitamin absorption
Alteration in Bowel Perfusion
Causes: Inadequate blood supply. Can be focal or global
Treatment fo disease: Surgery (appendectomy), antibiotics and fasting (no solid foods).