The grain of sand in which we live - Coggle Diagram
The grain of sand in which we live
It's the star of the Solar System
The sun surface is of 5,500 degrees, and it's core is about 27 million degrees Fahrenheit (15 million degrees Celsius)
It has a diameter of 865,370 miles
Without the Sun's intense energy, there would be no life on Earth.
It doesn't have moons but it's orbited by eight planets, at least five dwarf planets, tens of thousands of asteroids, and up to three trillion comets and icy bodies.
Is the smallest planet in the Solar system.
Approaches the sun 36 million miles
Mercury is a rocky planet, also known as a terrestrial planet. Mercury has a solid, cratered surface, much like the Earth's moon.
Mercury's thin atmosphere, or exosphere, is composed mostly of oxygen, sodium, hydrogen , helium , and potassium.
Daytime Temperatures can reach 430 degrees Celsius and drop to -180 degrees Celsius at night
It has a thick, toxic atmosphere filled with carbon dioxide and perpetually shrouded in thick, yellowish clouds of sulfuric acid.
It is the hottest in the Solar system
The planet’s surface temperature is about 900 degrees Fahrenheit (465 degrees Celsius)
Venus has no moons and no rings.
Many scientists believe water once existed on the surface.
Earth is a rocky planet with a solid and dynamic surface of mountains, canyons, plains and more. Most of our planet is covered in water.
Earth's atmosphere is 78 percent nitrogen, 21 percent oxygen and 1 percent other ingredients
Our atmosphere protects us from incoming meteoroids, most of which break up in our atmosphere before they can strike the surface.
Earth has one moon whose Greek name is Selene
Water covers 70 percent of Earth's surface.
It's the fourth planet from the Solar System
It's a dusty, cold, desert world with a very thin atmosphere. Counts with seasons, polar ice caps, canyons,and extinct volcanoes.
A year in Martian time is the same as 687 Earth days.
Mars has two moons named Phobos and Deimos.
It is known as the Red Planet because it's formed by iron minerals that have had oxidize causing the soil and atmosphere to look red
It takes about 12 Earth years to complete one orbit of the Sun
Jupiter is a gas giant planet that has a solid inner core at all, it’s like the size of Earth.
Jupiter has more than 75 moons.
Jupiter's Great Red Spot is a gigantic storm that’s about twice the size of Earth and has raged for over a century.
Some of Jupiter's moons have oceans beneath their crusts that might support life.
Saturn's atmosphere is made up mostly of hydrogen and helium.
Saturn has the most spectacular ring system, with seven rings and several gaps and divisions between them.
Saturn cannot support life as we know it, but some of Saturn's moons have conditions that might support life.
Saturn has 53 known moons with an additional 29 moons awaiting confirmation of their discovery, that is a total of 82 moons.
Few missions have visited Saturn: Pioneer 11 and Voyagers 1 and 2 flew by; But Cassini orbited Saturn 294 times from 2004 to 2017.
Uranus has an atmosphere made mostly of molecular hydrogen and atomic helium, with a small amount of methane.
Uranus is an ice giant. Most of its mass is a hot, dense fluid of "icy" materials – water, methane and ammonia
Uranus has 27 known moons
Like Venus, Uranus rotates east to west. But Uranus is unique in that it rotates on its side.
Uranus was discovered in 1781 by William Herschel.
Neptune is about four times wider than Earth.
Neptune is an ice giant. Most of its mass is a hot, dense fluid of "icy" materials like: water, methane and ammonia
Neptune's atmosphere is made up mostly of molecular hydrogen, atomic helium and methane.
Neptune has 14 known moons which are named after sea gods and nymphs in Greek mythology.
Voyager 2 is the only spacecraft to have visited Neptune. No spacecraft has orbited this distant planet to study it at length and up close.
Since 2006, per the International Astronomical Union’s planetary criteria, Pluto isn’t considered a planet because it hasn’t cleared the neighborhood around its orbit of other objects. However, it does meet IAU’s criteria for what constitutes a dwarf planet.
Pluto has a thin atmosphere of nitrogen, methane and carbon monoxide. The atmosphere has a blue tint and distinct layers of haze.
Pluto’s surface is far too cold, -378 to -396 degrees F (-228 to -238 C), to sustain life .
Venetia Burney, with just 11 years old, suggested the name Pluto in 1930.
Pluto has 5 moons. The largest, Charon, is so big that Pluto and Charon orbit each other like a double planet.