A Problem-Solution Approach - Coggle Diagram
Malcolm Benson’s article in the April 1994 Forum.
focus on the overall structure of the paper can help the reader and editor evaluate ideas and produce more readable articles.
demonstrate that the format of the article and flow of ideas is not arbitrary.
serves to help the reader identify what kind of information can be found where.
discourse guidelines will not only make an article easier to read but will, in fact, raise the possibility that it will be published.
the writing process
the author needs to ask a series of questions.
may help the author generate ideas for the article and discard elements which may not be useful.
establish the purpose of the article.
the writer needs to express in concrete terms who the intended audience really is.
describing issues particular to one country or providing detail about language contrasts with English with no reference to more universal concerns.
writer has to spell out the context s/he is referring to and make a conscious effort to link his/ her situation to those of a multitude of readers.
follow a regular format with established conventions so that readers will know what level of information can be found where.
by indicating that s/he is in a position of authority to write on the subject.
summarize for the reader important developments on the topic by including a brief survey of the literature.
reviewing the literature, making generalizations, or emphasizing the importance of the idea.
outline how s/he is going to solve the problem.
describes a more specific problem, and offers a unique solution.
signal early what problem s/he intends to solve.
a writer must do is achieve credibility vis-a-vis the reader.
establishes the writer’s credentials.
provides the reader with necessary background of important research to interpret the new ideas in the article.
often reintroduced in the body of the article.
the writer shows that s/he shares readers’ concerns.
may describe a local situation
in sufficient detail to provide a context for the solution.
the reader is led to expect topic sentences including cause and effect words related to source as well as a reference to low motivation.
the introduction starts from general and moves to specific.
the conclusion starts with the specific study or technique described in the article and moves to the general.
the conclusion; evaluate a technique positively, then move on to a more general situation.
describe additional advantages affecting general areas.
remind readers that s/he is treating a general problem or has found a solution to additional, more general problems.
format conventions and placement of ideas in a text.
focusing on the typical moves and steps of an article.
headings and good initial directions.
serve the purpose of orienting the reader to the general organization of the article.
help the reader determine which are superordinate and which are subordinate ideas.
see how the text looks to an uninitiated reader.
try to read the article as if one were unfamiliar with the text.
insure that the article actually includes the content and structure promised in the introduction.