Migration and climate change, Adaptations in affected countries - Coggle…
Migration and climate change
Climate Change and Forced Migration
3.1 The good
B1 best case scenario
The population peaks at 9 billion, mid century and declines to around 7 billion
An incline of economic structures towards service and information;
A reduction of material intensity and the introduction of clean technologies
In 2012, Regime to cut carbon emissions
Working on stabilizing temperature rises, CO2 emissions, sea level
200 million climate refugees
Increased rural to urban migration
3.2 The bad
3.3 The very ugly
4.2 - Because of the loss of "human capital" in mass migration it disrupts the productions systems and domestic markets. This causes a limited economic growth and limits economic opportunity, which leads to more migration. The "brain drain" effect in developing countries is a serious problem, in case of crisis the family's that are most likely to migrate are those who are skilled, affluent and essential for a successful community. Climate-migration holds a potential to have negative long-term consequences for socio-economic stability. Climate change and migration could accelerate the brain drain effect as it is the more affluent that are likely to migrate for this reasons.
4.1 The Urban Flood
Increasing food and water scarcity due to climate change in rural areas will accelerate the process of urbanization. However, the issue of unplanned urbanization can lead to complications for urban welfare and urban service provision. Already one third of the human population lives in slums and according to research on the topic, this number is expected to rise even more in the next ten years.
Less developed countries usually get more problems with climate change that was caused mostly by developed countries. Resource scarcity with the overpopulation problem make the forced immigration in a much larger scale, what also increases the problem are: urban overpopulation, water scarcity and food scarcity .
5.3 Immigration policy in less-affected countries
the immigration policies in countries less affected by climate change are a determinant of forced migration. Some people argue that immigration is important for global redistribution and as a response to climate change.
only one country has determined climate change as a refugee category, New Zealand. Although it is still unknown if their policy is effective.
Sweden also determines environmental migrants as a special category: "person in need of protection.
some countries have offered temporary assistance/protection to people in need during environmental disasters. An example of this was the US and how they extended their temporary protection to Hondurans affected by the hurricane in 1998.
The impacts of climate change are very unpredictable
Sea levels rising, altered precipitation patterns, frequent storms
Causes many people to migrate
people reflect on economic pull factors and environmental push factor to decide if the should move or not
Many housing can be destroyed and can cause people to have to temporarily or fully migrate
Damage is constantly done
This happens because of poor disaster planning and poor investment in the cities protection
Future numbers of people who migrate because of climate change is rapidly increasing
Adaptations in affected countries
Countries that suffer from climate change have to make a series of cost-benefit decisions to what they want to protect.
The resources and the foresight of the countries will define how much the countries are affected and how many people have to leave
With the right adaptations countries can reduce their vulnerability to the impacts of climate events and turn them into the evolution of the climate process.
UNFCCC is helping countries that suffer from climate events
In 1985 the Ethiopian government thousands of peoples from droughts stricken areas.
Migration is seen as a form of adaptation, not a form of it.