Teaching Writing - Coggle Diagram
- Repetition of words (number of content words are repeated throughout the text)
- Lexical set chains (words in the same topic area)
- Pronoun & Possessive reference (anaphoric, cataphoric, exophoric)
- Article reference
- Tense agreement
- Linkers (addition, contrast, time)
- Substitution and ellipsis
A text needs to have some kind of internal logic which the reader can follow with or without the use of prominent cohesive devices.
The reader should be able to understand the purpose. Is it to give information? Suggest a course of action? Make a judgement? Express an opinion? :
Writer's line of thought
Reader should be able to follow the writer's line of reasoning if it is a discursive piece.
Reader should be able to follow the story if the text is a narrative one.
Stating Subject - Acknowledging receipt of previous letter - Saying what is to be done - Exhorting the letter's recipient to do sth - Signing off
Description of Place - Description of activities and places - Exhortation to the reader - Sign off
Situation - Problem - Solution / Response - Evaluation / Result
Topic sentence - Example / explanation sentence - Follow-on sentence - Conclusion
Denotes the actual language that we use in a particular situation when communicating with a particular group of people - audience.
It includes the choice of Topic vocabulary to suit the subject matter of the piece.
It is also about the tone of the piece that is how formal (use distancing words and phrases) or informal (slang terms and more friendly tone) it will be.
T ends up being prescriptive (you must do it this way)
rather than descriptive (for your information, this is how it is often done)
Types of Writing
- Reinforcement Writing (used to reinforce the use of recently taught language or structures)
- Preparation Writing (used as a preamble to another activity)
- Activity Writing (used as an integral part of a larger activity such as writing a dialogue to be later on acted out by the Ss)
- Writing for Writing (handwriting, orthography and punctuation).
Always ask Yourself:
Am I responding to their work?
This should be done during the drafting and editing stages.
Am I evaluating their work?
Only during the final draft