Good Health and Well-Being good health and well-being , PREVENT AND TREAT…
Good Health and Well-Being
Reduce Maternal Mortality:
sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, account for 86 per cent of maternal deaths worldwide.
For 2018, the maternal mortality rate is 17.4 per 100,000 live births in the United States.
94% of all maternal deaths occur in low and lower middle-income countries.
295 000 women died during and following pregnancy and childbirth in 2017
FIGHT COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
Some are spread through the air, by touch or through bodily fluids
Some diseases spread from one person to another while others can spread from animal to person.
There are more than 200 infectious diseases
Infectious diseases kill over 17 million people a year
30 new diseases have emerged in the last 20 years and now together threaten the health of hundreds of millions of people.
REDUCE ROAD INJURIES AND DEATHS
1.35 million people die each year as a result of road traffic crashes.
20 and 50 million more people suffer non-fatal injuries, with many incurring a disability as a result of their injury.
Road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death for children and young adults aged 5-29 years.
93% of the world's fatalities on the roads occur in low- and middle-income countries, even though these countries have approximately 60% of the world's vehicles.
REDUCE ILLNESSES AND DEATH FROM HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS AND POLLUTION
at least 4.9 million deaths/year with at least 1.2 million deaths from industrial and agricultural chemicals, and acute poisonings corresponding to 2% of the total deaths and 1.7%
heavy metals, pesticides, solvents, paints, detergents, kerosene, carbon monoxide and drugs lead to unintentional poisonings that cause 193,000 deaths annually from preventable exposures
second-hand smoke and ambient air pollution are a contributing factor for 35% of acute lower and upper respiratory infections, including pneumonia, bronchitis, otitis and bronchiolitis, the most important cause of mortality in children.
These harmful exposures are also linked to low birth weights and stillbirths.
End all Preventable Deaths under Five Years of Age
2019 an estimated 5.2 million children under 5 years died mostly from preventable and treatable causes
Nutrition-related factors contribute to about 45% of deaths in children under-5 years of age.
causes of death in children under-5 years are preterm birth complications, birth asphyxia/trauma, pneumonia, congenital anomalies, diarrhoea and malaria, all which can be prevented
Childhood malnutrition is an underlying cause of 45% of all deaths among children younger than 5
PREVENT AND TREAT SUBSTANCE ABUSE
There is not a national program in schools that teach youth about drug abuse
13 is the average age of first-time drug and alcohol use
From 1999 to 2017, more than 700,000 Americans died from overdosing on a drug.
9 out of the 10 addictions start in teen years
Drug overdose deaths have more than tripled since 1990.
585,000 people died as a result of drug use in 2017.