Industrialization Spreads - Coggle Diagram
Development in the United States
Britain blockaded the United States, trying to keep it from
engaging in international trade. This blockade forced the young country to use
its own resources to develop independent industries
industrialization in the
United States began in the textile industry. Eager to keep the secrets of industrialization
to itself, Britain had forbidden engineers, mechanics, and toolmakers to
leave the country.
year, Moses Brown opened the first
factory in the United States to house Slater’s
machines in Pawtucket, Rhode Island.
In 1813, Francis Cabot Lowell of Boston
and four other investors revolutionized the
American textile industry
The Northeast experienced much industrial
growth in the early 1800s.
the United States remained primarily agricultural
until the Civil War ended in 1865.
During the last third of the 1800s, the
country experienced a technological boom.
Also, as in Britain, railroads played a major role in America’s industrialization.
Cities like Chicago and Minneapolis expanded rapidly during the late 1800s.
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Continental Europe Industrializes
European businesses yearned to adopt the “British miracle,” the result of Britain’s
profitable new methods of manufacturing goods.
Belgium led Europe in adopting
Britain’s new technology.
the United States, British skilled workers played a key role
in industrializing Belgium.
William Cockerill illegally made his way to
Belgium in 1799. He carried secret plans for building spinning
Germany was politically divided
in the early 1800s.
pockets of industrialization appeared, as in the coal-rich
Ruhr Valley of west central Germany. Beginning around
1835, Germany began to copy the British model.
Most important, Germany built railroads that linked its
growing manufacturing cities,
strength spurred its ability to develop as a military power.
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The Impact of Industrialization
Industrialization widened the
wealth gap between industrialized and nonindustrialized countries,
even while it strengthened their economic ties. To keep
factories running and workers fed, industrialized countries
required a steady supply of raw materials from less-developed
Britain led in exploiting its overseas colonies for resources
Soon other European countries, the United
States, Russia, and Japan followed Britain’s lead, seizing colonies for their economic
Between 1700 and 1900, revolutions in agriculture,
production, transportation, and communication changed the lives of people in
Western Europe and the United States.
In contrast, the economies of Asia and Africa were still based on
agriculture and small workshops.