elizabeth 2.3.1 - Coggle Diagram
education in the home school and universities
elizabethan england is sometimes described as the golden age for england - much of this is linked to how england gained confidence during this period - cultural developments made it seem like england was a special place to live in
to what extent did education improve in elizabethan england
upper class children
for upper class children education was regarded as important - boys trained to be gentlemen - noblemen and gentry would send their children to public schools eg winchester eton and harrow (founded in 1572)
lessons were latin and aimed to educate children to do well in court
sons and daughters of noblemen would recieve home tutoring
The key lessons were different for boys and girls:
Boys: foreign and Classical languages (Latin and Greek), horse riding, archery [for hunting], fencing, wrestling
Girls: music, dancing, needlework, horse riding, archery [for hunting].
increase in university education - new colleges and universities set up new colleges set up at oxford uni and cambridge uni
Upper class families increasingly believed that their sons would benefit from a university education in order to succeed at the Elizabethan court.
did not improve
limited education provided for girls - upper class girls werent taught any skills that would make them employable Upper class girls were not taught any skills which would make them employable. Instead, they were taught about the skills which would help them in their future life - e.g. how to look after children or to make polite social conversation.
little change for the nobility. Education had always existed for the nobility and it did not change much during the Elizabethan era.
for many middle class children education became more valuable in the elixabethan time
parents if middle class realised that a little education was useful so sent their kids to grammar schools - taught the ability to read write and participate in debates
merchants, professionals (e.g. lawyers, doctors) and some members of the gentry would send their children to grammar schools.
Petty schools and Dame schools: Between 4 and 7, parents send their children to ‘petty schools’. prepared children to go on to grammar schools. Students taught reading, writing and arithmetic.
A few girls attended petty schools, but girls were more likely to go to ‘Dame schools’, which were run by an educated woman (a ‘Dame’).
signif improvement in literacy levels for boys the % of boys who could read and write improved from 20% in the 1930s to 30% by 1603. Shows that there was a lot of improvement for boys
many new grammar schools set up These new schools charged fees, but provided a basic education for boys between 7 and 14. 42 new grammar schools were set up in the 1560s and 30 more in the 1570s. By the 1570s, there was a grammar school in every town in England.
girls didnt see improvements - around 10% of girls were literate by the end of elizabeths reign - basically the same as at the start of her reign
There was very little change in attitudes towards female education. Most people in all classes thought that it was more important for daughters to get married and have children than to get an education and work outside the home.