Baroque Music By Keira Dunnell - Coggle Diagram
By Keira Dunnell
The Baroque period was between 1600-1750
Braoque means "fancy decoration" or "ornamentation"
The music was very ornamented
Performed mainly in churches or for a small audience.
The Baroque Orchestra
Horns and Trumpets
Bassoon and Oboes
Violins, Violas, Double Basses, Cellos
Harpsichord and Timpani
Melody and Texture
Baroque was very decorated and ornamented using techniques such as trills and mordents.
The melody was usually performed by the 1st violins who used imitation with the other instruments. This technique created a sense of dialogue between the instruments
Polyphonic and contrapuntal textures were very common.
However in music such as a solo concerto or sonatas a homophonic texture is regularly used.
Strings- An older string instrument called the Viol was poplar in early Baroque but was later replaced by violins, violas and cellos
Woodwind- Wooden Flutes, Recorders, Oboes and Bassoons
Brass- Trumpets were used mainly on special occasions. They were valveless which limited the amount of pitches that could be played.
Percussion- Timpani at the time was the only percussion instrumetn during the Baroque period.
Harmony, Tonality and Dynamics
Either in Major or Minor
Pieces in a minor chord often ended on their tonic major- Tierce de Picardie
At the time there was no such thing as a crescendo or diminuendo
Either loud or soft sections of music
Couperin (1668- 1733)
J.S Bach (1685-1750)
Domerico Scarlatti (1685-1757)
Corelli (1653- 1713)
The Baroque Dance Suite
Binary Form (AB)
Allemande- Usually opened the dance. German origin. Moderate Tempo, 4/4
Courante- Follows after the Allemande, French origin. Fast Tempo. 3/4 .Metre. Uses dotted rhythms
Sarabande- Slow and a serious dance. Spanish origin. In minum time. The melody is usually decorated with ornaments.
Gigue- The fastest movement and usually at the end. Compound time.
A Minuet- Usually in 3/4 and binary form. There are often in two sections with one contrasting the other.
A Gavotte or Bourree- Before the final Gigue.