FOR READERS - Coggle Diagram
Text Structure as Architectural Shape
What to look for:
Students can think about the implications of the physical structure. Example: They think about where they might anticipate a climax
or change of direction or what areas of emphasis are suggested by the physical structure of the piece?
They can discuss paragraphing and its function as a form of punctuation that signals both a coherent unit of content and a place for readers to pause slightly longer than they do with a period at the end of a sentence.
Way to begin a structure is to look at the physical
shape of a text.
Text Structures as Organizational Patterns
the structural strategy of description.
help students to think of the
ways in which a movie camera records a scene (near to far/ far to near, etc)
the organizational structure of narration.
time is used to present the beginning, middle, and end of an event.
readers should be alert to the possibilities of flash back and flash forward.
3) Classification (a structure that groups similar items based on specific features in order to focus on a more limited selection). The levels of classification used in a text depend on the level of detail needed to present information or make a point.
4) Part-to-whole structures (present an analysis of a complex entity by examining
each of its salient parts in turn and considering how they work together).
5) Problem and solution structures (policy arguments and much
academic writing). the writer will do analysis of a problem, recommends a solution, and then sets out the arguments and evidence.
2) Enumeration (listing). The items in the list are all at the same level of importance. Hint: Bullet points or numbers.
1) Process structures are used to explain how to do something. Key terms: first, then,
next, and finally.
6) Compare and contrast structures (present two items or ideas). Readers can readers make logical judgments about each and perhaps choose one over the other. Example: Venn diagrams (students will be able to analyze texts that compare or contrast
one item or idea to another.
7) Cause and effect structures teach students to test the differences between proximity and causality is important.
8) Definition (two separate but linked logical structures: classification followed by
Text Structures as Idea Chunking
Headings to help readers recognize different content chunks.
A content text chunk might contain multiple paragraphs or even pages that devoted to the same related topic.