06 SPAIN, BETWEEN ABSOLUTISM AND LIBERALISM, image, image, image, image,…
06 SPAIN, BETWEEN ABSOLUTISM AND LIBERALISM
1 THE REIGN OF FERNANDO VII AND THE RETURN TO ABSOLUTISM
This was the beginning of Década Ominosa
Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis invaded Spain and the absolutist power was restored
This marked the start of the Trienio Libera
The replacement of the Salic Law caused the First Carlist War
1820, troops under Colonel Riego revolted against Fernando VII in Cabezas de San Juan
Restored the Constitution of 1812
2 THE REIGN OF ISABEL II: MODERATE LIBERALISM
She had 2 regents because she was very young
During regency period, foundations for new liberal regime were laid.
Fernando VII died and Isabel II inherited the crown.
Establishment of a constitutional monarchy.
Military victory over the Carlists
ALTERNATION IN POWER AND MILITARY REBELLION
After regency period, the reign of Isabel II had different stages
Bienio Progresista (1854–1856)
Crisis of moderantism (1856–1868)
Década Moderada (1844–1854)
Carlism: Spanish conservative political movement that originated with Fernando VII´s brother that opposed the Pragmatic Sanction of Fernando and wanted to bring Salic Law again.
In an attempt to put pressure on the queen, progressives resorted to a military uprising
3 SEXENIO DEMOCRÁTICO: DEMOCRATIC LIBERALISM
severe political conflicts hindered the revolutionary process
The democratic monarchy under Amadeo I (1871–1873)
Reign of Amadeo I
The First Republic (1873–1874).
General Pavia's coup d'état (1874)
The Revolution of 1868