1.2.1. "Book 2" Strassler, Robert B., Jr. ed. The Landmark…
1.2.1. "Book 2" Strassler, Robert B., Jr. ed. The Landmark Thucydides: A Comprehensive Guide The Peloponnesian War. (See assigned readings below) New York: The Free Press, 1996. 96-107; 110-128.
2.10-2.25: Sparta invades Attica; Periclean strategy.
Archidamus calls for caution, vigilance, and disciplien
The course of war cannot be foreseen and it’s attacks are generally dictated by the impulse of the moment.
Athens will not like seeing Sparta invade and ravage their territory
Follow orders with alacrity and with one purpose
Means: naval fleet, tributary income, multiple streams of income/wealth, temples, statues, army of 13k + 16 k hoplites, horses, archers, tritremes, long walls
Ways: bring Athenians from the country to be protected inside the long walls
Attican cities United under King Theseus with Athena as “the city”, Athenians do not want to move from the country into the city
Initial invasion of Peloponnesian forces moved slowly bc of Archidamus’ caution
Hopes that Athenians will join the fight when they see their territory being destroyed
Athens refused to join battle and sent 100 tritremes out to attack Sparta, determined to hold 1,000 talent (money) and 100 tritremes in reserve for defending Athens
2.34-2.65: Pericles funeral oration; the great plague of Athens; Pericles reiterates his grand strategy.
Focus on what makes Athens great (how it is governed)
Neighbors look to them, democratic representation
Equality under the law leads to rewards based merit/abikity
Athens welcomes foreigners to come to the city and prove themselves (in contrast to Sparta)
Pericles claims that Athenians care more for people than Spartans- Athens is a city worthy to rule others I’m
Pericles is very positive about Athens and confidence
Long funeral speech by Pericles
Discussion of the plague
After the second Spartan invasion of Athens, that plus the plague laid the Athenian people low and Pericles speaks to them to motivate them.
Reminds them of their naval
superiority and what that is worth, compared to “houses and land”
“You should know too, that liberty preserved by your efforts will easily recover for us what we have lost, while, the knee once bowed, even what you have while pass from you.“
“You cannot decline the burdens of empire and still expect to share its honors.”
Thucidydes discusses why Athens loses the war once Perivlesnis removed from power… they fall prey to winning the common man