General Gov: - The old system of gov (King, King's secretary, the use of the royal seal etc.) was changed by Cromwell, according to Elton. - It is clear that Cromwell was responsible for much of the legislation passed after the Break with Rome, which boosted the power of the King, such as the Act of Restraint of Appeals in 1533 in which England is described as an Empire and the King is said to have total control. In addition to this, Cromwell shaped the Act of Supremacy passed in 1534, which made Henry head of Church in England. This was confirmed by the Act to Remove the Authority of the Bishop of Rome. - Cromwell is credited by some historians as having first brought bureacracy (making departments, giving them money from a pre-specified source, and only granting them finances when they had been sanctioned beforehand) into English gov. Prior to this, 'medieval gov' - saw finances based on King's chamber, use of the seal and the use of advisors rather than a council. Elton argued he Courts of Augmentations and First fruits and Tenths to be departments of such a kind - called 'courts' as they had legal status to adjudicate over disputes.