explanation of attachment : bowlby monotropic theory - Coggle Diagram
explanation of attachment : bowlby monotropic theory
attachments - born with the need to make an attachment
born with need to make an attachment and it gives us survival advantage
imprinting and attachments have evolved because they make sure young children/ animals stay close to their caregivers and this protects us. pass on desirable traits though generations which aid survival
attachments are adaptive
monotropic - means 'one' - having a primary attachment figure
have one special primary attachment figure
different from all others and it is more special
the more time you spend with this person the better - law of continuity = the more constant a child's care better quality attachment law of accumulated separation the effects of every separation add up.
babies are born with innate 'cute' behaviours like smiling, cooing encourage attention from adults
make caregiver want to look after their babies
activates social interaction - adult attaches to baby. attachments is a reciprocal system
baby attaches to caregiver and caregiver attaches to baby.
2 years infant attachment system is active ---> sensitive 'period' - maximally sensitive at 6 months
if attachment is not farmed in this time, a child will find it harder to form one later on.
internal working model (iwm)
early attachment relationship form a template for all subsequences relationships
early attachment relationships with a loving , reliable caregiver = form the expectation that all relationships are loving and reliable
if your first relationship involves poor treatment you may expect such treatment from others in later relationships - e.g. partner
IWM can affect the child's ablility parent themselves