Main avenues to language attainment - Coggle Diagram
Main avenues to language attainment
First Language acquisition
The way children learn their native language
This process is uniform
-We do not know enough about the details of the acquisition process.
-Use their L1 in different ways.
Nature vs Nature
Proposed innate linguistic..
Associated with a universal grammar.
L1 competence fully emerges during cognitive development
First milestones in
the development of L1
Speech production, speech perception is fairly universal.
L1 and after some time aquire L2.
L1 and L2 aquire at the same time.
Second language acquisition
Refers to the learning of a nonnative language after the L1 has been learned.
SLA can incorporate heritage language learning.
Is the subfield of linguistics that focuses on the learning and teaching of second languages.
SLA does not usually incorporate bilingualism.
Differences between L1 and L2 acquisition
Automatic versus optional:
Homogeneity versus heterogeneity of the learning process
Knowledge of the language and knowledge of the world
Pre-existing L1 knowledge
Third language acquisiton
Acquisition of a third language in a multilingual person that has acquired two or more previous languages.