EVOLUTION OF EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT, ARTEMIO PINEDA - Coggle Diagram
EVOLUTION OF EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT
The ideal of Roman education was to cultivate manliness and
Why was Jesus so successful as an educator? Because he used a very simple method; he narrated innumerable parables; he appealed to the moral idealism of his listeners. The universe was his textbook, and each day he delivered a new lesson. His classroom was the open field and the market square.
THE GREEK PEDAGOGICAL THOUGHT
In Athens, pedagogical ideals were influenced by the social structure. Athenian children were educated at home until they were six years old when they entered school. Greek education was governed by a vigorous rationalism.
THE ORIGINS OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Los sistemas de educación más antiguos conocidos tenían dos características comunes; enseñaban religión y mantenían las tradiciones del pueblo. En el antiguo Egipto, las escuelas del templo enseñaban no solo religión, sino tambien los principios de la escritura, ciencias, matemáticas y arquitectura.
THE MIDDLE AGES AND THE RENAISSANCE
The weak point of medieval education was its lack of interest in the experimental sciences. The truth was considered as an absolute pattern. Heresy was not tolerated. Knowing should be a rigorous process and not a reason for enjoyment.
THE PEDAGOGICAL IDEALS OF THE RENAISSANCE
Mientras la Edad Media había abogado por la mortificación del cuerpo, los estudiosos
del Renacimiento afirmaban enérgicamente que se debía gozar plenamente de la vida.
SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITIES
The 12th and 13th centuries saw the birth of universities. Medieval universities were organized as corporations, and were more concerned with scholarship than with buildings.
EVOLUTION OF HUMANISTIC EDUCATION
The advantage of the new system lay in its enthusiasm for the classics. The classical ideal represented a way of life based on moderation and enjoyment of this world.
EDUCATION AND THE REFORM (OF LUTHER)
NEW SCIENCE IMPORTANCE
From the intellectual point of view, modern civilization has been strongly conditioned by the development of science. In the Middle Ages, man's main concern was the afterlife; nature by itself inspired little interest.
JUAN COMENIO, REFORMER OF THE EDUCATION
Comenius' pedagogical method can be summarized in nine principles that follow the order of nature. Here are three of them:
Nature acts at the right time.
Nature prepares the material, before beginning to shape
Nature chooses an appropriate subject to act on it or first submits it to a suitable treatment to convert it into such.
EDUCATION AND LUTHER'S REFORM
While, in the Middle Ages, schools were under the control of the Church, Luther argued that they should be governed by the State. He also uged the princes of his time to force parents to send their children to school. This would not only promote morality, but it would also increase the stability of the state.
OVERVIEW OF ORIENTAL IDEAS
Eastern thought has frequently favored regressive social tendencies. Thus, Hinduism has supported the caste system; Islamism has fostered feudalism and Shintoism the cult of the emperors.
ADAPTATIONS OF THE SOCIAL REALITY.
Ausubel affirms that the speed and meticulousness with which a person learns depends on two things:
The degree of relationship between prior knowledge and new material.
The nature of the relationship established between the new information and the ancient.
This means that the proposal of a teaching that has among its objectives that students learn to learn fulfills its objective when the student is able to carry out significant learning on their own, not only in a specific situation, but also in a range of circumstances.
School education has the mission of ensuring that students learn all kinds of procedures that allow them to learn on their own in the present and in the future.
ADAPTATIONS OF THE SOCIAL REALITY
A key problem facing current education is to determine its own objectives in line with the present social and cultural reality, and to be able to articulate the personal and material means necessary to be in a position to achieve them.