Types of Texts taught in Junior and Senior High Schools in Indonesia -…
Types of Texts taught in Junior and Senior High Schools in Indonesia
Purpose; Retelling experiences
Retelling the incident from news
The author is directly involved
Retelling past procedure
Recount can be written in the form of:
Autobiography, Interviews on TV
Newspaper reports about events
Explanations about accidents made to claim insurance
Retelling past experiences or imaginations
Setting or Orientation
Procedural recount : Aim, record of events, result
Use conjunction related time
Ex: When, after, before, etc.
Use first pronoun
Ex: I, we, etc.
Use action or dynamic verb
Ex: Went, saw, fed, etc.
Usually written by:
Simple past tense
Use personal feedback
Except: Factual recount
According Anderson (1997) Use descriptive words
Retelling specific partcipants
Ex: Mother, Father, etc
According Anderson (1997) Use proper noun
Narrative tells stories using time sequences and use connectives
Ex: Once upon a time, after a while, first, then.
Use past tense
Use action verbs
Ex: Grew, .... passed their home, .... cut the tress.
Use dialog or verb (Verbal process)
Ex: Saying, Said, asked, replied.
Use verb that related to the character feeling
Ex: lked, fear
Use descriptive language
Ex: When it was ripe, ... they found a beautiful baby in it.
Types of Narrative
but there is factual
Tells the reader about when, where, who or why
Gives clues about the problems that will be faced by the characters in the story
Introducing and telling the characters to the reader
Tells problem and something that happened who was not expected
Usually associated with complications
The author gives comments about events
Make the reader aware of what happened to the characters in the story
Slow down the action to keep the reader curious
Describe the resolution of the problems that arise in the story
Ends the story with a little comment on the next character's life
Example of Narrative
of Table 5.13, there are 4 structure narrative
Events: One day the frog was hopping
Complications: Being somewhat careless ... he would never reach the top of the pail.
Orientation: Once upon a time ... farmyard
Resolution: He used his idea... Finally the frog came out of the pail because the surface was solid.
To telling story about:
Shows how a person or group of people responds to something
Exploring social and cultural values in certain groups of people
A person or group of people
Entertain readers or listeners by getting them interested