Summary: The limited war with ELN and the government de-escalated to a violent crisis. Throughout the year, clashes with security forces and attacks of ELN left 39 people dead and 68 injured, a decrease compared to the previous year. For instance, on January 22, ELN damaged an oil pipeline with explosives in the municipality of Saraven, Arauca department. Moreover, on June 16, 36 people were injured in a car bomb attack on a military base outside of the city of Cúcuta, Norte de Santander department. The government blamed ELN for the attack while the group denied responsibility.