Pedagogical Foundations of Education, Different Curricular Approaches,…
Pedagogical Foundations of Education
Before to start, the first thing we have to know it's about the concepts from a curricular theory.
The curriculum is a standards-based series of planned experiences in which students practice and learn content and applied learning skills.
Kant's basic idea is that children should be prompted to find the moral law within themselves.
Pedagogy seeks to transform the spontaneous process of education into systematic knowledge
Freedom which is determined or guided by the laws that rule society
The center of Plato's philosophy is his theory of forms or ideas.
Plato aims to clarify the nature of justice.
Plato believes that all people can easily exist in harmony when society gives them equal educational opportunity from an early age
Born in 1870
She became the first female doctor in her country.
In 1907, she founded the first Children's House, in San Lorenzo
Emphasized the importance of expression to produce a well-balanced, freethinking child.
With teacher'shelp and guide respecting the child's sensitive period.
Known as the "liberator of the child and as the father of modern progressive education”.
He advised to "fix your eyes on nature, follow the path set by it".
He developed naturalistic education
For him the child's education process must start from the understanding the nature of the child
Observation and experimentation are defined as the path by which the child begins to apprehend the world around him
One way in which children begans to know is interacting with physical world.
Aristotle's metaphysics, ethics and psychology can help to interpret pedagogy from a “scientific” point of view.
He made pioneering contributions to all fields of philosophy and science
He invented the field of formal logic.
He identified the various scientific disciplines and explored their relationships to each other.
Different Curricular Approaches
We have a lot of Approaches by differents authors.
In the following chart, the definitions were writting with the point of view by two of them:
A curriculum will have to go first to three sources:
It has a few steps to get a successful curriculum:
Step one: determining the objectives of the school. (ERT, 2014)
Step two: developing learning experiences .
Step three: organizing the experiences.
Sttep four: evaluation of the objectives. (ERT, 2014)
The mind was an adaptable faculty and had a functional role to play in the life of each individual.
Education should also reflect the child’s interests and backgrounds (Aussie Childcare Network, 2022).
Dewey's methodological proposal consists of 5 phases:
Consideration of experience
Identification of a problem
Inspection of available data
Formulation of the solution hypothesis
Verification of the hypothesis
New Curricular Models
When talking about new curricular models some important have arisen:
Optimizing the teaching-learning process through search and thecnology.
Taba goes through the congnitivism for the preparation of the curriculum,
This exercise the student must develop knowledge, skills and attitudes
Was born in the 1980s
Existence of evidence against widespread belief, at that time, about the power of the drip effect of market forces to spread economic benefits and eradicate poverty.
Structural Adjustment Programs became more evident; social diseases.
Builds confidence, confers status and dignity, and broadens the horizons of the possible.
References: Aussie Childcare Network. (2022, May 12). John Dewey's Theory. Aussie Childcare Network. Retrieved November 3, 2022, from
Educational Research Techniques. (2014, July 1). Curriculum Development: The Tyler Model. educational research techniques. Retrieved November 3, 2022, from
Josue Aaron Garcia Torres Justine Nicole López Hernández
CI. Diseño Desa. Mod. Pedago. NRC: 7554