Problems faced by the Weimar Republic in the early 1920s - Coggle Diagram
Problems faced by the Weimar Republic in the early 1920s
The decrease in value of a currency which then makes the prices rise
Worsened living conditions in Germany as a whole
Lead to Germany being unable to pay for the WW1 reparations that were required to be paid after the Treaty of Versailles
No one was able to afford food, it lead to people trading valuable items for food or other valuable items.
The German mark has practically become useless
Why did it happen
The governement was trying to pay for all of the countries needs as well as trying to pay people who are on governmental support, they did not have enough money to fund everything, this lead to more printing of the German mark.
Invasion of the Ruhr
The invasion of the industrial region, Ruhr lead by Belgian and French soldiers
Was the result of Germany announcing they were unable to pay reparations, France insisted Germany was lying and went to investigate themselves by invading the Ruhr.
Lead to German Government introducing the passive resistance
Passive resistance was a way of supporting the government without using violence against the foreign invaders by refusing to obey the foreign troops by not working
Lead to 130 civillians dying
German government promised to pay the people participating in the passive resistance
Threats from the left and right
Was lead by Rosa Luxembourg + Karl Liebknecht, both died to the Freikorps.
Jan 5-12 1919
Run by the working class, believed that power and wealth should be shared equally among everyone.
Did not succeed in their objective
A group lead by Wolfgang Kapp
March 13-18 1920
Had an objective to overthrow the Weimar Republic and bring back leaders such as the Kaiser once again to lead Germany to be the best nation.
Had a majority of members of the Freikorps (ex soldiers who were armed) which resulted in the protest becoming violent.
Set up machine gun posts in the capital city, Berlin.
Treaty of Versailles
Pay £6000 million in reparations for the war: throwing the German economy into debt
Limit its army to only 100,000 soldiers, lead to many soldiers losing their jobs and going back home still armed with weapons (lead to the creation of the Freikorps)
Had to give up territory and colonies:
Had to accept all the blame for the war
Terms were made and agreed on without any German representative being present.
Forced to sign the Treaty otherwise the allies threatened to start up the war again, Germany had no more power left to fight all the allies
Was referred to as the "diktat" which means an order that is harsh and imposed by someone in power without the permission of the people, representing how the German people has bitterly resented the allies for placing the blame of the war on them