CHAPTER 4 FOUNDATIONS FOR GOOD RESEARCH - Coggle Diagram
FOUNDATIONS FOR GOOD RESEARCH
Researcher distinguishes between symptom of problem, the perception of the problem
and the research problem.
Contributing to existing knowledge
Addressing real problems or issues
Timeliness - relevance to contemporary concerns
Researcher’s personal agenda
Researchers need to plan carefully the time lines from small-scale research project.
a. To what extent do the findings build on what is already known?
b. In what respect is the research different from previous studies?
c. Does the research explain something in a new way?
d. Is there some test or critique of existing knowledge?
e. Does the research provide new information on a topic?
f. Does the research contribute to cumulative understanding about the issue arise?
a. Has the research asked relevant questions of the right people?
b. Is the data collected sufficiently detailed and precise?
c. Does the data connect with the conclusions reached in the research?
The scope is the issues concern on what are included among questions to be addressed, and what questions or issues are not addressed, and why?
The breadth is the issues concern with the research approach: did the research approach allow the inclusion of sufficient numbers and categorise of data to justify the conclusion reached.
Did the research deal in sufficient depth with the complexities and connections encountered in a particular situation? Was the research ‘one- dimensional’ (limited) or did it try to unravel the situations and make connections between phenomena?
How objective is the researcher or research team? Are they compromised, or potentially compromised in some way by the situation? Do they make it clear in the research what comprises things that they had to make between what they wanted to do and what they are allowed to do?
To be able to generalise from one research to
other situations requires representative data that has been rigorously gathered, tested and checked.
Generalisability relates to findings that are capable of being tested by others using the same measures and with equivalent sample. This tends to be associated with quantitative approaches, often involving a large and representative sample of target group.
Transferability is, however more informal and is
the process by which we may infer and interpret from one research to other situations. Research findings in this context can act as a point of reference and comparison for others. This kind of transfer is usually associated with more interpretative research and qualitative data
Findings are clearly presented in words, tables, and graphs.
Findings are logically organised to facilitate reaching a decision about the research problems
Ethical approaches to research
Safeguards are places to protect study participants, organisations, clients, and researchers
Recommendations do not exceed the scope of study.
The study’s methodology and limitations reflect researcher restraint and concern for accuracy
Decision-base conclusions are matched with findings and rsearcher provides experience and credentials with report