CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH PERSPECTIVES - Coggle Diagram
CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH PERSPECTIVES
TYPE OF RESEARCH
Pure, applied and action research
Pure research - intended to lead to theoretical developments and may not have any practical implication.
Applied Reseach - intended to lead the solution of specific problems and usually involves working with clients who identify the problem and if lucky enough pay for solution.
Action Research - start from the view that research should lead to change and therefore that change should be incorporated into the research process itself.
Exploring, descriptive, analytical and predictive research.
Exploring research - conducted for a research problem/issue.
Aim- to look for patterns, ideas or hypotheses, rather than testing of conforming hypothesis.
Descriptive research - describe fenomena as they exist.
-to identify and obtain information on the characteristic of a particular problem or issue.
Analytical or Explanatory Research - Analytical aim to understand phenomena by discovering and measuaring causal relation among them.
Explanatory identifying and possibly, controlling the variables in activities.
aim to generate from analysis by predicting certain phenomena on the basis of hypothesis, general relationship.
Quantitative, qualitative and triangulation research
Qualitative- objective in nature and concentrates on measuring phenomena
involve collecting, analysing data and applying statistical test.
Qualitative - more subjective in nature and invlove examining and reflecting on perception.
Deductive and Inductive research
Deductive- study in whicha conceptual & theoritical structure is developed & then tested by empirical observation, thus particular instances are deduced from general inference.
Inductive - esentially reverses the process found in deductive research.
Nomothetic versus Ideographic research
Ideographic method - much less sturctured and are focused more on explanation and understanding of phenomena with much more emphasis on qualitative data.
Nomothetic method - most appropiate to the deductive approach to research in as much as they include the more highly structured research methodologies.