7/14/2020 Managing blood sugar levels - Coggle Diagram
7/14/2020 Managing blood sugar levels
SIgns and symptoms of hypoglycemia
Inability to concentrate.
Irritability or moodiness.
Confusion, abnormal behavior or both, such as the inability to complete routine tasks.
Visual disturbances, such as blurred vision.
Loss of consciousness.
Interventions for hypoglycemia
Monitor your blood sugar. ...
Don't skip or delay meals or snacks. ...
Measure medication carefully, and take it on time. ...
Adjust your medication or eat additional snacks if you increase your physical activity. ...
Eat a meal or snack with alcohol, if you choose to drink.
Signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia
Interventions for hyperglycemia
The proper interventions for someone who is experiencing hyperglycemia is fluid replacement. Drinking water can help the body urinate more so more blood glucose is released in the urine. Although it is best to keep in mind that if the patient has a heart or kidney problem not to drink an excessive amount of water. Eating a high protein snack to help lower blood sugar because high protein foods can balance blood sugar levels. Exercise regularly, take medications as prescribed, follow a diet planning suited for the condition, be aware of the blood sugar levels and log it in a notebook.
Administer insulin: Talk to your doctor about how much rapid-acting insulin you should administer when your blood sugar is high. Check your blood sugar about 15 to 30 minutes after giving insulin to ensure your blood sugar is going down and that it’s not too low.
Exercise: Physical activity causes the body to demand glucose for energy. As a result, the cells deliver glucose to the muscles, and blood sugar levels usually drop. You’ll have to engage in exercise that gets your heart pumping faster than usual. For example, you can walk for exercise, but it must be at a fast enough rate.
Drink water: Drinking water can help your body release more urine and therefore blood glucose. However, you shouldn’t drink excessive amounts of water if you have heart or kidney problems.
Eat a high-protein snack: While it may seem odd to eat to lower blood sugar, high-protein foods can help to stabilize blood sugar. It’s important the food is high in protein — not in carbohydrates. Examples include a handful of almonds or a piece of turkey. Note that this method won’t lower your blood sugar as fast as insulin will.
it's important to monitor your blood sugar at different times of the day and the year. There are 2 blood tests that can help you manage your diabetes a daily test and a 3-month test. The 3-month test is called an A1C test. It is often referred to as self-monitoring of blood glucose
eating frequent meals.
avoiding high sugar foods, including sweets, sugary drinks, and fruit juices with added sugar.
choosing foods with low GI scores.
reducing or eliminating alcohol consumption.
Adopt healthy eating habits through nutrition education, including meal-planning, weight-loss strategies and other disease-specific nutrition counseling. Develop problem-solving strategies and skills to self-manage diabetes. Monitor blood glucose and learn how to interpret and appropriately respond to the results.