NON-TARIFF MEASURES (NTM), EXTERNAL SECTOR, Impors, Impors - Coggle…
NON-TARIFF MEASURES (NTM)
NTMs are policy measures other than ordinary customs tariffs that can potentially have an economic effect on international trade in goods, changing quantities traded, or prices or both.
Classification of NTMs
(A.) Sanitary and phytosanitary measure
(B.) technical barriers to trade
(c) Pre-shipment and other formalities
Examples of NTMs
Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures: Measures that are applied to protect human or animal life from risks arising from: additives, contaminants, toxins or disease-causing organisms in food.
Technical Barriers to Trade: Measures referring to technical regulations, and procedures for assessment of conformity with technical regulations and standards.
Price-Control Measures: Measures implemented to control or affect the prices of imported goods.
Licensing, Quotas, Prohibitions & Quantity Control: Control measures generally aimed at restraining the quantity of goods that be imported.
Contingent Trade-Protective Measures: Measures implemented to counteract particular adverse effects of imports in the market of the importing country contingent upon the fulfilment of certain procedural and substantive requirements.
a. Anti-Dumping Duty: Country A imposes an anti-dumping duty on imports of biodiesel products from country B, to offset an injurious dumping by country B found to exist via an investigation.
b. Countervailing Duty: Country A imposes a countervailing duty on imports of semiconductors from country B, to offset the subsidies granted by country B on the production of semiconductors found to exist via an investigation.
Non Technical Measure
(D )Contingent trade-protective measures
(E.)on-automatic import licensing, quotas, prohibitions, quantity-control measures and other restrictions not including sanitary and phytosanitary measures or measures relating to technical barriers to trade
(F. )Price control measures, including additional taxes and charges
(G ) Finance measures
(H ) Measures affecting competition
(I) Trade-related investment measures
(J) Distribution restrictions
(K) Restrictions on post-sales services
(L )Subsidies and other forms of support
(M) Government procurement restrictions
(N ) Intellectual property
(O ) Rules of origin
(P ) Export-related measures