Types of Disorders of Ventilation and Diffusion - Coggle Diagram
Types of Disorders of Ventilation and Diffusion
Inhibition of neural stimulation + mechanics of breathing
Restriction of airflow
Irreversible enlargement of the air spaces beyond the terminal bronchioles, most notably in the alveoli
Genetically inherited deficiency of alpha1- antitrypsin (AAT)
drug therapy (with danazol or tamoxifen
in both the alveoli and in the bronchi/bronchioles characterize COPD
Supplemental oxygen therapy
severe acute inflammation and pulmonary edema
Positive end-expiatory pressure (PEEP)
Autosomal recessive disorder of electrolytes and subsequently water transport that affects certain epithelial cells
Mutations in the genes CFTR
Nasal and sinus surgery.
Inflammation of the lungs
Control fever with aspirin, non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen),
Macrolide antibiotics, such as azithromycin
Viral infections, bacterial infections, or fungi
Increased thickness of ACJ
Decreased partial pressure Decreased solubility
Presence of a persistent, productive
cough with excessive mucous production
Steroid anti-inflammatory drugs
Pulmonary rehabilitation, bronchodilator therapy
chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that results in persistent airway obstruction because of bronchial hyper responsiveness, inflammation, broncho constriction, and excess mucous production.
Genetic predisposition for developing hypersensitivities.
Air pollutants and irritants, such as smoke.
Bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory drugs
Anticholinergics and methylxanthines