Chapter 8: Innovation and Challenge in Malaysian Agriculture - Coggle…
Chapter 8: Innovation and Challenge in Malaysian Agriculture
Innovation is defined simply as a "new idea, device, or method.
Innovation is often also viewed as the application of better solutions that meet new requirements, unarticulated needs, or existing market needs.
challenge is the situation of being faced with something that needs great mental or physical effort in order to done successfully and be therefore, tests a person's ability.
Research Institutes in Malaysia
Research in Oil Palm
Golden Crop of Malaysia
Dura x Pisifera (D x P) = Tenera
Future improvement for oil palm:
Yield is expected to reach 40 tonnes fresh fruit /ha/yr
Transgenic technology (gene transfer) that will be able to produce more than 50% oleo-fatty acids.
Mechanization farm approach
Added value products of oil palm
The trunk is suitable for biocomposite material, pulp and paper
The leaves can be used for cattle feed
The palm oil mill effluent (POME), the waste from the extraction of palm oil, can be used as an organic fertilizer.
A Fertilizer developed specially for oil palm growth and productivity
Promote female flowers
Increase weight and number of fresh fruit bunches
Research in Rubber
The Malaysian Rubber Board (MRB) has developed high yield and disease resistant clones producing >3500 kilo rubber ha-1 yr-1
Currently Third largest rubber producer in world (After Indonesia and Thailand)
New technologies by MRB :
Hormonal stimulation (Etheral) – promote latex production in old rubber trees)
New latex-timber clones (LTC) of the RRIM200 series - Trunk harvested for timber industry
Puncture tapping: bark is quickly pierced with sharp needles, enables the same worker to tap more trees per day.
Vitamin E has also been extracted from the latex.
Malaysia has 1.7 million ha. land planted with rubber trees.