Division of the world in colonial empires - Coggle Diagram
Division of the world in colonial empires
The British Empire
maritime trade routes,
largest colonial empire
Created an Empire from Cairo to Cape town
Main colony: India
The French Empire
plan to occupy a vast Africa territory,
consolidated its rule in a large area
settled in various areas, Especially in North Africa and South Asia
French presence grew stronger
second-largest colonial empire
Non- European Empires
large financial entities and state funding ensured a fast, industrialisation process.
United States became a
last industrial powers to start a colonial
Emperor Meiji began Japan's modernisation
The Legacy of colonialism
The economic interests of the colonisers were imposed on the colonies, with the help
of aristocratic groups and the local bourgeoisie, who maintained a privileged position.
The dismantling of traditional societies
The colonisers showed no respect for the ways of life of the indigenous people, and social structures changed. The colonisers recruited some indigenous groups to the army and civil service.
Many of the indigenous peoples’ customs and oral tradition did not survive the impact of western and altered their beliefs and way of life culture, which made them lose much of their identity
The demographic impact
Following the creation of hospitals and the introduction
of vaccines and better hygiene,This meant that the death rate dropped, and the
Modification of the territory
Europeans created new countries and drew their borders, cut down forests and
turned large untouched natural spaces into agricultural areas.