Common Supports for Students with Disabilities - Coggle Diagram
Common Supports for Students with Disabilities
Related services are the supportive services or activities necessary for some students with disabilities to maximize their educational outcomes.
Related services are intended to help students meet their IEP goals and to be tied to those specific educational outcomes, rather than be mere isolated services.
Related services in schools are provided to students with IEPs and their families at no charge.
Identifying Related Services
Before students can receive related services, though, they must be identified through the special education eligibility process as having a disability.
Once the evaluation is complete, the multidisciplinary team reviews and discusses the results to determine whether the student is eligible for special education and related services.
Related service providers bring multidisciplinary perspectives that contribute to discussions about the services required by the target student.
Providing Related Services in Schools
Consultative/ collaborative services:
General education and related services providers work together to meet the needs of the student with a disability. The student remains in the general education classroom.
All services are brought to the student in the classroom setting (e.g., general education, special education, resource). The therapist or service provider may work individually with the target student or with a small group that includes him or her.
Student is taken out of the classroom to a different location (e.g., gym, library, hallway) to receive the related service.
Common Roles of Providers
Assessing and Referring Students:
Screening, evaluating, and assessing students to identify problems that might interfere with their school performance
Conducting ongoing, informal assessments to monitor students’ needs and determine the necessity of continuing support
Making recommendations to the IEP team concerning other referrals, when warranted, for other services
Working with Students
Providing strategies, modifications, and adaptive aids or equipment to improve students’ school performance, and to include students in school activities
Training students in skills required to help manage their needs
Addressing individualized modifications so that students can access school activities or the environment
Working with parents and other professionals
Serving as a member of students’ multidisciplinary teams
Developing educational goals and objectives with the team and determining how related services can help students to achieve those goals
Training the school staff and students’ parents in skills to help manage students’ needs
Explaining to parents, teachers, other professionals how students’ problems may affect their school performance
Recommending strategies, modifications, and adaptive aids or equipment to improve students’ school performance and to include students in school activities
Working with the AT specialists and others to determine students’ needs