The position from which they see and understand events going on in the world around them.
People have different points of view about particular events, historical figures, civilisations or artefacts depending on their age, gender, social position and their beliefs and values.
For example: the period from 1750 to 1914 was a time when European powers competed with each other to expand their territories. From the perspective of most Europeans at the time, they saw it as right and duty to bring European culture and belief systems to the 'backward' societies they colonised. From the perspective of Indigenous populations, the arrival of Europeans was seen as an invasion of their lands.