HASS HISTORY TERM 2 2020 YEAR 8 - Coggle Diagram
HASS HISTORY TERM 2 2020 YEAR 8
7 HISTORICAL CONCEPTS
CAUSE AND EFFECT
cause and effect aims to identify, examine and analyse the reasons why events have occurred.
evidence is the information gathered from historical sources. there are 2 types of sources, primary and secondary.
CONTINUITY AND CHANGE
aspects pf the past that have remained the same are continuity and aspects that don't stay the same are referred to a change.
Contestability occurs when particular interpretations about the past are open to debate, for example as a result of a lack of evidence or different perspectives, with debate often remaining intractable.
significance relates to the importance assigned to aspects of the past.
empathy helps us to understand the impact of past events on particular individuals or groups. it is the ability to 'walk in someone else'e shoes'.
perspective is a point of view. People can have different points of view depending on their age, gender, social position and their values and beliefs.
a primary source is a piece of historical evidence that comes from the period being studied.
the diary of Anne Frank
a secondary source is a piece of historical evidence that comes after the period being studied.
KEY HISTORICAL TERMS
(new) a term used for the period of history before the birth of Christ.( before common era)
(new) a term used for any time after the birth of Christ.( common era)
(old) a term used for the period of history before the birth of Christ (BCE).
a period of time marked by distinctive characteristics.
(old) term used for any time after the birth of Christ (CE).
a period of 100 years.
a period of history that stands out (stone age, ice age)
a record of events in the order they took place.
a Latin word meaning 'around' or 'approximately' ( can be abbreviated as c.)
a period of 10 years.
a period of 1000 years.
a period of history before written records.
a block of time in history.
a sequence of related historical events shown in chronological order.
a period of 365 days.
A timeline is a graphical representation of a period of time, on which important events are marked
KEY FEATURES OF MEDIEVAL WORLD
Feudalism was a combination of legal, economic, military and cultural customs that flourished in Medieval Europe between the 9th and 15th centuries. Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society around relationships that were derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour.
Peasants would farm on the knights land and get land to live on in return. the knights would protect the kings and nobles and for that, they would get land to live on and give to the serfs for them to live on.
Merchants would trade their goods within their village or they could go to neighboring towns to trade. Some merchants even ended up trading with other countries by trade ships.
In the Mediterranean, trade ships would go all over Europe to trade.
Christianity was the main religion at the time and was a major influence on everyday life.
People worshiped God in Churches and went to Monks and Priests for guidance.
conflict was constant in medieval Europe.
Vikings would invade English villages and there were wars left right and center in medieval times.
GROUPS IN SOCIETY
The Church officials were probably the most powerful and influential people in the early Medieval period because they were the human representatives of God.
The Knights faught viking raiders off their lord's land and protected their lords and the serfs. they were only a lord to the peasants.
The Nobles were lords to all except the Kings an of course God. their lives were one of the easiest due tot their level of importance in society
the peasants were a lord to no one and worked hard for their land, shelter and protection from their lords by farming and working hard.
The Kings were at the very top of the hierarchy and were only below God. They definitely had it the easiest because they were not obliged to do anything for anyone other than give land to those poorer than himself
SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES
RICH VS POOR IN MEDIEVAL TIMES
the rich people had it much easier than the poor people in Medieval times, the same as today.
MEDIEVAL TIMES VS MODERN TIMES
Today, life is much fairer amd easier for all than it was in Medieval times.
CRIME AND PUNISHMENT
TYPES OF PUNISHMENT
if a peasant was accused of stealing, they would be put in a pillary and they would have rotten fruits, vegetables and feces thrown at them.
if a woman wa accused of nagging her husband or gossiping, she would be paraded around her village in a scolds bridle to humiliate her . sometimes they would have a bell on top to attract more attention.
CHANGES TO THE SYSTEM
The Magna Carta was put in place to make justice more fair in Medieval times and was the blueprint for modern justice.
TRIAL BY ORDEAL
TRIAL BY WATER
The accused was tossed in a body of water (lake or river) with a rock tied to them. If they floated, they were seen as guilty of being a witch a, but if the sunk, they were seen also seen as guilty because if God wanted them to live, he would make them float. (it was very rigged)
Trial by water was not fair and either way, the accused would end up dying.
TRIAL BY FIRE
The accused would hold a red hot piece of iron and if the would healed fast, they were seen as innocent because God was showing that they were innocent by healing them. if the burn didn't heal fast, they were seen as guilty
Trial by fire was not fair because it was rigged and almost anyone who got sentenced to trial by fire would be found guilty, even if innocent.
TRIAL BY COMBAT
The accused would fight their accuser until one of them gives up or until one of them dies.
This trial was very unfair as it favored the rich and powerful because they would get a big strong knight to fight for them.
In Medieval times, trials were held in Churches, today they're held in courts.
WHICH IS FAIRER?
Modern justice is fairer.
They both have trials and courts
WHAT CHANGED IT?
The Magna Carta
MEDIEVAL VS MODERN JUSTICE
Medieval justice was corrupt and completely unfair. Modern justice is better, but it still needs some improvements.
They believed that bad smells and clouds caused sickness.
They treated most sicknesses with blood-letting and by rubbing herbs on the body.
The Catholic Church told people to pray really hard and they nor their loved ones will get sick.
THE BLACK DEATH
It spread all over Asia and Europe..
Italy was one of the most heavily impacted places by the Bubonic Plague.
It started in China.
It spread through fleas on rats on trade ships going throughout the Mediterranean.
It was treated by blood-letting, leeches and by rubbing herbs on the sore places.
It started in approx. 1347
practically everyone in Asia and Europe was affected in one way or another.
People living on small isolated islands were spared.
WHAT WAS IT?
It was a disease spreas through fleas on rats.
The symptoms were a fever, black buboes, diarrhea and more.