YEAR 8 HISTORY TERM 2 2020 - Coggle Diagram
YEAR 8 HISTORY TERM 2 2020
Objects created or written at the time being investigated.
During an event or very soon after.
Accounts about the past that were created after the time being investigated.
Textbooks, biographies, dictionaries and encyclopaedias.
7 HISTORICAL CONCEPT
CAUSE AND EFFECT
To identify, examine and analyse the reasons why events have occurred and the resulting consequences or outcomes.
CONTINUIITY AND CHANGE
Some things stay the same while others change over time;
Explanations or interpretations of past events that are open to debate.
The importance assigned to aspects of the past.
To be aware of, and sensitive to someones feelings, thoughts and experiences.
A point of view.
The information gathered from a historical source.
KEY HISTORICAL TERMS
A timeline is a graphical representation of a period of time, on which important events are marked.
a system in which members of an organization or society are ranked according to relative status or authority.
The individual who accepted this land became a vassal, and the man who granted the land become known as his liege or his lord.
After the rank of king, the hierarchy was the nobles, the knights, the clergy (religious people), the tradesmen and the peasants.
KEY FEATURES OF THE MEDIEVAL WORLD
Religion is an organized system of beliefs and practices revolving around, or leading to, a transcendent spiritual experience.
Feudalism is a social system existing in medieval Europe in which people worked and fought for nobles who gave them protection and land in return.
All the land in a kingdom was the king's. However, the king would give some of the land to the lords or nobles who fought for him, called vassals.
The battle of the Magna Carta.
Most long-distance trade goods from within and beyond Europe, such as in amber, high quality ceramics, textiles, wines, furs, honey, walrus ivory, spices, gold, slaves and elephant ivory, was carried in the small sailing ships of the day.
GROUPS IN SOCIETY
The Church served to give people spiritual guidance and it served as their government as well. Now, in the 20th century, the church's role has diminished. It no longer has the power that it used to have.
The knights were heavily armored soldiers who rode on horseback. Only the wealthiest nobles could afford to be a knight. They needed very expensive armor, weapons, and a powerful war horse. The first knights of the Middle Ages fought for Charlemagne, the King of the Franks, in the 700s.
The nobles' place in society was essentially to function as middle-men between the peasants and the royal family. Nobles provided work, land, and protection to the peasants while providing funding, supplies, and military service to the king
A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer with limited land ownership, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees, or services to a landlord. In Europe, three classes of peasants existed: slave, serf, and free tenant.
A king (or lord) ruled large areas of land. To protect his land from invasion, the king gave parts of it to local lords, who were called vassals. In return, his vassals promised to fight to defend the king's land. Vassals ruled lands granted to them by their king.
SIMILARIITIES AND DIFFERENCES
Rich people had access to better healthcare, food, clothing, housing, and much more. Poor people did farm-related jobs, such as plowing, sowing, reaping, or threshing.
In the Middle Ages it was fully feudal; the common people obeyed the orders of their local lord, or perhaps the rulers of the city they were living in. Today, while the common people still obey orders, the way of choosing their leaders has changed; in many places elections choose leaders.
CRIME AND PUNISHMENT