Theory of Contemporary Educational Institutions, CINTHIA LEZCANO SALDAÑA 4…
Theory of Contemporary Educational Institutions
Introduction to Education and Contemporary Educational Institutions
Pedagogy is a set of knowledge that deals with education as a typically social and specifically human phenomenon
Education is a permanent and comprehensive process of interaction through which there is individual and group learning.
Pedagogy and Education Sciences address all questions of development and instruction of each individual person so that they can develop an autonomous and responsible life in society and the community
Non-formal education: learning that is not offered by an education or training center and does not normally lead to certification. However, it is structured (in teaching objectives, duration or support).
Formal education: learning normally offered by an education or training center, with a structured nature (according to didactic objectives, duration or support) and which concludes with a certification.
Informal education: learning that is obtained in activities of daily life related to work, family or leisure. It is not structured (in teaching objectives, duration or support) and does not normally lead to certification.
The School system
Foundations of the School System
The Educational system is based on its own purposes, organization and structure to develop the curriculum that it designs, from a broader conception, the educational system encompasses not only the school but all the social media that influence education.
The Panamanian School system
The Panamanian school system guides its efforts in accordance with the following policies
Priority attention to improving the quality of education
Search for modern, decentralized and efficient planning and management.
Promoting the democratization of educational services
Evolution of the school system
The first mass education systems emerged in the second half of the 19th century in various countries in Europe and in the United States of America.
International foundations of education
Education and the European Union (EU)
The European Commission has a Commissioner who groups education, training, culture and multilingualism in a single portfolio.
International overview of Primary and Secondary Education
Its main problem is the extremely low quality of the
Reforms should be geared towards holding primary and secondary school teachers accountable for their performance.
Education and Latin American countries
Education, in addition to being a fundamental human right, is an essential factor and, on a more general level, achieving the primary objective of alleviating poverty
In the Latin Americans countries (Latin America and the Caribbean) there are still 40 million adults who lack the basic learning tools to make fully informed decisions and participate fully in the development of their societies
The first theories of Pedagogical Modernity
It is called experimentalism, as opposed to classicism, to all that artistic manifestation (of a musical, poetic, theatrical, plastic ... type) with a markedly transgressive and disruptive tendency with respect to the previous models
Experimentalism, in principle,
it is usually opposite to popular taste.
John Dewey was born in Burlington, Vermont in 1859, the son of a merchant.
He began to structure his conception of the human being as an active organism that is taking shape in contact with his environment.
Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Fröebel, Herbart
he believed in the original purity of children and in the deformations that the circumstances of social life could cause them
He manifested himself contrary to teaching by
memorization, so it was contrary to the arrangement of ideas made
Pestalozzi, who created several institutions that later came to be recognized as of great experimental value, accepted that education be done by natural development, according to the
knowledge of psychology.
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