habitats and their communities - Coggle Diagram
habitats and their communities
the place were an animal or plant lives
a group of plants and animals that live together
a group of plants and animals in their envoirnment
the way that a species has evolved to suit its environment
the way that a species has changed over time
A food chain shows how each living thing gets food, and how nutrients and energy are passed from creature to creature. Food chains begin with plant-life, and end with animal-life. Some animals eat plants, some animals eat other animals.
Plants are called producers. This is because they produce their own food! They do this by using light energy from the Sun, carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil to produce food - in the form of glucouse/sugar.
The process is called photosynthesis.
Animals are called consumers. This is because they cannot make their own food, so they need toconsume (eat) plants and/or animals.
There are 3 groups of consumers:
Herbivores - Animals that eat only plants.
Carnivores - Animals that eat only other animals. Meat eaters.
Omnivores - Animals that eat both plants and other animals.
Bacteria and fungi are decomposers. They eat decaying matter - dead plants and animals and in the process they break them down and decompose them When that happens, they release nutrients and mineral salts back into the soil - which then will be used by plants!
a system for identifying organisms based on answering questions about the physical features of the organisms
a square frame used for observing based on answering a number of small sample areas within a larger study areas