Modern poetry and free verse - Coggle Diagram
and free verse
The first decades of the 20th century:
a period of extraordinary originality and
vitality in poetry.
A variety of trends and currents
expressed the nature
of modern experience:
The War Poets
The Georgian Poets
Influenced by the Victorian Romantic tradition.
Walter de la Mare
the conventions of dictions
sympathy for English
such as the
as an idyllic
indifferent or hostile to the
revolution in sensibility and technique
started by symbolists.
The War Poets
Aim of their poetry
awaken the conscience of the readers
to the horrors of the war.
: violent, everyday
Content of their poetry
horrors of modern warfare
represented in an unconventional, anti-rhetorical way.
: a definite move away from the 19th-century poetic conventions.
The War Poets:
in ost cases lost their lives in the conflict
experienced the fighting
, a movement which flourished
between 1912 and 1917.
The name '
' was invented by the
American poet Ezra Pound (1885-1972).
The main aesthetic
principles of Imagist
use of a
from the artificial
demands of metrical regularity;
choice of any subject matter
, usually short, were
response to a scene or object
and contained no moral comment;
the aim of poetry: to achieve precision,
discipline, dry hardness
constant use of
hard, clear and
Symbolism was a movement started in France with
Les Fleurs du Mal
It influenced the new poetry.
of the Symbolist
poets was characterised by
indirect rather than direct statements
the use of allusive language
and of the
association of words
importance given to the 'sound' of words
the use of
quotations from other literatures
, revealing cosmopolitan interests;
the use of
the possibility for the reader to bring meaning to the poem.
and T.S. Eliot
who developed the new poetic theory and practice. In his essay
Tradition and the Individual Talent
(1917), he stated that:
is not a turning loose of emotion but
an escape from emotion
; it is not the expression of personality but
an escape from personality
T.S. Eliot the poet
used language to create rich patterns of meaning
that were not easy for the superficial reader.
the collapse of Western civilisation
the culture and
of the beginning
of the century.
explorer of experience
At the beginning of the 20th century under the
influences of the French Symbolists, such as
(1842-98), and the American
rejected the 19th-century